Vocational Training and Gender : Wages and Occupational Mobility Among Young Workers


Fitzenberger, Bernd ; Kunze, Astrid


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URL: http://ub-madoc.bib.uni-mannheim.de/1183
URN: urn:nbn:de:bsz:180-madoc-11830
Dokumenttyp: Arbeitspapier
Erscheinungsjahr: 2005
Sprache der Veröffentlichung: Englisch
Einrichtung: Sonstige Einrichtungen > Zentrum für Europ. Wirtschaftsforschung (ZEW)
MADOC-Schriftenreihe: Veröffentlichungen des ZEW (Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung) > ZEW Discussion Papers
Fachgebiet: 330 Wirtschaft
Fachklassifikation: JEL: J31 J62 J7 C21 J16 J24 ,
Normierte Schlagwörter (SWD): Deutschland , Lohn , Geschlecht , Karriere
Abstract: This paper investigates the relationship between the gender wage gap, the choice of training occupation, and occupational mobility. We use longitudinal data for young workers with apprenticeship training in West Germany. Workers make occupational career choices early during their careers and women and men pursue very different occupational careers. We reconsider whether through occupational segregation women are locked in low wage careers (Kunze, 2005) or whether they can move up to higher wage paths through mobility. We furthermore investigate whether patterns have changed across cohorts during the period 1975 and 2001 and whether effects vary across the distribution. The main results are: First, while there exists a persistent gender wage gap over experience, the gap has decreased over time. Second, in the lower part of the wage distribution, the gap is highest and it increases with experience. Third, occupational mobility is lower for women than for men and the wage gains due to occupational mobility are higher for men than for women, especially in the lower part of the wage distribution. We conclude that occupational mobility has reduced the gender wage gap, but lock-in effects are still stronger for women compared to men.
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Fitzenberger, Bernd und Kunze, Astrid (2005) Vocational Training and Gender : Wages and Occupational Mobility Among Young Workers. [Arbeitspapier]
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