Consumer debt and default


Exler, Florian


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URL: https://ub-madoc.bib.uni-mannheim.de/43186
URN: urn:nbn:de:bsz:180-madoc-431863
Dokumenttyp: Dissertation
Erscheinungsjahr: 2017
Ort der Veröffentlichung: Mannheim
Hochschule: Universität Mannheim
Gutachter: Tertilt, Michèle
Datum der mündl. Prüfung: 8 August 2017
Sprache der Veröffentlichung: Englisch
Einrichtung: Fakultät für Rechtswissenschaft und Volkswirtschaftslehre > VWL, Makroökonomik (Juniorprofessur) (Lee 2011-2015)
Fakultät für Rechtswissenschaft und Volkswirtschaftslehre > VWL, Makro- u. Entwicklungsökonomie (Tertilt 2010-)
Fachgebiet: 330 Wirtschaft
Fachklassifikation: JEL: E21, E43, E44, K35,
Normierte Schlagwörter (SWD): Konsumentenkredit , Insolvenz , Schuldenerlass
Freie Schlagwörter (Englisch): Unsecured Debt , Personal Bankruptcy , Delinquency , Default , Garnishment
Abstract: This dissertation comprises three self-contained essays in which I analyze the effects of consumer bankruptcy laws on household borrowing, interest rates, default decisions, and welfare in different institutional settings. Chapter 2 analyzes whether and how to regulate small dollar lending in the U.S. I show that lump-sum court filing fees prevent low-income households from filing for bankruptcy, causing them to become delinquent. In a policy experiment, I show that easier access to bankruptcy increases welfare of this group by 1%. Chapter 3 evaluates the German bankruptcy system, which features relatively harsh wage garnishment. Since wage garnishment raises the effective marginal tax rate, it exhibits adverse effects on labor supply. Explicitly modeling labor supply, this paper documents the optimal garnishment regime for the German economy: garnishment rates are reduced by more than 25%, while the duration of garnishment is increased from six to ten years. This results in an aggregate welfare increase of around 3.3%. Chapter 4 is joint work with Igor Livshits, James MacGee, and Michèle Tertilt. There is increased debate over whether the regulation of unsecured consumer lending products is required to protect some consumers from “over-borrowing.” To assess the quantitative benefits of regulating the cost of declaring consumer bankruptcy, we analyze a life-cycle model where some consumers have excessively optimistic beliefs about their exposure to unforeseen expenses.

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Exler, Florian (2017) Consumer debt and default. Open Access Mannheim [Dissertation]
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